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Instruction for Bids
Computer Hardware Items
     
General Services
 
Shershah Bridge Report
(Click here) Detailed Report of SherShah Bridge
 
Composite Schedule Of Rates
Following the increases in prices of materials and labour in the year 2008, the revision / updation of CSR has been carried out. In the year 2008 we have seen the prices of steel / diesel / bitumen go up considerably and towards the end of year have come down. Analysts are still uncertain with the prices in the year 2009. For the year 2009, we have carried out a general revision of all prices upto January 2009 in consultation with leading manufacturer's, supplier, and specialist contractors.

In the absence of standard fix formula the best engineering knowledge and rate analysis practices are used to develop these rates. The variation in the proposed rates is anticipated in certain cases, which may be due to varying degrees / levels of productivity and price differences of various inputs at the regional level.

The rates, prices and outputs included in the resources and unit cost calculations, including allowances for wastage, normal productivity and efficiency are based for roadwork and bridge projects being carried out by NHA. The unit rates are average unit rates for a particular district and not project specific. The market can change very rapidly, which would obviously have an impact on the unit rates.

It must be understood that main objective of the CSR is to provide a realistic reference base for preparing Cost Estimates / PC-I and Evaluation of Bids, for NHA projects.

It is hoped that the CSR 2009, would serve as a Basic Engineer's Estimate Reference Document for National Highway Authority, various Government Departments and the construction industry in general.

Whilst all efforts are made to ensure the accuracy of the data and information used in updating the CSR , neither NHA or M/s Shabir Associates can in any way accept liability for loss of any kind resulting from the use of CSR made by any person, institution, company, department etc.

CSR Deatils

Year 2005    
     
SERIAL # CSR Document For Provinces Download
     
1 CSR FOR BALOUCHISTAN
2 CSR FOR PUNJAB
3 CSR FOR SINDH
4 CSR FOR NWFP
     
     
Year 2006    
     
1 CSR FOR BALOUCHISTAN
2 CSR FOR PUNJAB
3 CSR FOR SINDH
4 CSR FOR NWFP
     
     
Year 2008    
     
1 CSR FOR BALOUCHISTAN
2 CSR FOR PUNJAB
3 CSR FOR SINDH
4 CSR FOR NWFP
     
     
Year 2009    
     
1 CSR FOR BALOUCHISTAN
2 CSR FOR PUNJAB
3 CSR FOR SINDH
4 CSR FOR NWFP
     
 
Highway Safety
More than 90 per cent of accidents are caused by a driver or rider making a mistake. You need to be fully alert at all times- don't allow yourself to be distracted. Try to be aware of all that is happening around you. Anyone can make a mistake. There is no such thing as a perfect driver. While driving always give an allowance for the mistakes of other drivers.

Safety Tips for Drivers
  THE DRIVERS OF VEHICLE SHOULD:  
 
  • Not drive a motor vehicle, unless it is in fit Mechanical and Technical condition, and fulfills the required criteria of a technically fit car as per rule.
  • Observe the speed limits as indicated by an appropriate sign.
  • Give appropriate light or manual signals before starting, stopping, slowing down turning or changing lanes, clearly, correctly and well in time as laid down in the sixth schedule.
  • Not drive a vehicle without wearing a seatbelt and properly functioning lights and indicators.
  • Ensure that the view through the rear-view mirror is not obstructed in any way.
  • Keep the rear screen of the vehicle, if installed, clear all the times.
  • While following the other vehicle maintain the appropriate distance as per speed.
  • Drive with full attention and care.
  • Not attempt to gain a forward position by jumping the queue.
  • Give way to ambulance, fire engine, police vehicles and funerals.
  • Not cross a single or double unbroken continues line marked on the road in any circumstances except when getting on or out of the premises.
  • Not use indicators un-necessarily.
  • Always overtake by following the rules and regulations.
  • Not occupy the extreme right lane for overtaking purpose on a three-lane road with two-way traffic.
  • Break of Journey for 20 Minutes after 3 hours continuous drive.

  • Driving in Heat:

  • Use coolant instead of water in radiator.
  • Keep an eye on the temperature gauge.
  • Over heating can lead to engine seizure.
  • In Case of Engine Over Heating:
  • Don't switch off the engine.
  • Pour water on the radiator.
  • Don't open the radiator cap
  • Speed Limits:

  • Do not exceed speed limits.

  • Reduce speed near schools and hospitals.

  • Reduce speed in residential/shopping areas.

  • Reduce speed at night and in bad weather.

  • Maximum Speed Limits are for mechanically fit vehicles. If your vehicle is old please drive within suitable limit.

  • Seat Belts:
  • Seatbelts protects in the event of sudden application of brakes or in case of an accident.
  • Helmet:
  • Use approved Safety Helmet.
  • Wear it securely.
  • The driver and the pillion rider must wear it for their safety.
  • Overloading results in:
  • Damage to vehicle.
  • Cause accidents.
  • Cause damage to road.
  • Check the POWER before going on Road:

  • P-Petrol.

  • O-Oil.

  • W-Water

  • E-Electric

  • R-Rubber (Tires & Belts)

  • Over Hanging Loads:

    • Keep load within the dimensions of the vehicle.
    • Mark ends of the load with red flags by day.
    • Mark ends of the load with red lights and reflectors by night.
  • Driving in Foggy Weather:

  • There is a manifold increase in the number of accidents during the foggy season.

  • Before traveling do think that your journey is absolutely necessary, if "NO" than postpone it and if "YES" than delay it as much as possible.

  • Ensure that windscreen, windows, side view mirrors, headlights and brake lights of the vehicle are in proper working order.

  • Fix fog lamps to the front and rear of your vehicle in order to have extra protection.

  • Be vigilant and visible.

  • While driving in foggy weather keep your head lights on "LOW BEAM". High beams cause dispersion of light which reduce visibility.

  • When visibility is down to a minimum you should turn "ON" the fog lamps and when it improves you should turn them "OFF".

  • In foggy weather constantly use the defogging heater and the rear wind screen defogger.

  • Do not use the tail lights of the vehicle in front of you as a guiding beacon/path finder. Keep a reasonable distance between yourself and the vehicle in front.

  • If the vehicle in front is visible to you and your speed is also considerable, it would mean that you are dangerously close to the vehicle in front.

  • When reducing speed in foggy weather use the brakes with caution, so that the vehicle coming behind you may have ample time and warning to reduce their speed also.

  • Do not park on road. If inevitable, park away from the road. 

 
Axle Load Control

On our highways, it is common practice for the conventional 2-axle and recently introduced multi-axle trucks to over load. Their tyres are also over inflated, resulting in reduction of their contact areas that exert pressures far in excess of safe bearing capacity of the road pavement structure. When overloaded trucks run on flexible road pavements having unbound bases, signs of distress soon appear after the facility is opened to traffic. This results in an early pavement failure and an investment in road construction worth billions of rupees is wasted every year.

Unfortunately there is no axle load control for over loaded trucks plying on our roads. The restrictions have damaged the country's roads and the situation demands immediate imposition of axle load restrictions.

  • Over Loading
  • Axle Load Limits
  • Load Control Impact
  • Over loading by commercial trucks in Pakistan is a serious problem. The heavily over loaded trucks stress the road structure beyond safe bearing capacity. As a result of which roads break up. The government has to spend billions of rupees every year to repair the roads. The local truck body makers are producing wider and elevated truck bodies which enables the truck owners to over load and reduce haulage cost.

    On our highways, it is common practice for the conventional 2-axle and recently introduced multi-axle trucks to over load. Their tyres are also over inflated, resulting in reduction of their contact areas that exert pressures far in excess of safe bearing capacity of the road pavement structure. When overloaded trucks run on flexible road pavements having unbound bases, signs of distress soon appear after the facility is opened to traffic. This results in an early pavement failure and an investment in road construction worth billions of rupees is wasted every year.

    Unfortunately there is no axle load control for over loaded trucks plying on our roads. The restrictions have damaged the country's roads and the situation demands immediate imposition of axle load restrictions.

    The roads which are designed for 8.2 tons standard axle load are subjected to loads as high as 24 tons and gross truck weight of about 80 tons. Though haulage cost is reduced and profit margin for transporters manifolds but it causes severe damage as illustrated above.

     
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