National Highway Improvement Program (NHIP)

In order to assess the existing condition of the NHA network National highway improvement program is started to address the increasing degradation of Pakistan's national highway system. This program is divided into three groups over a period of ten years. Group I is divide into two phases. As part of this program in Group-I 11 selected sections of N-5 and a 48 km section of Karachi- Hyderabad super Highway (M9) will be upgraded. The improvement of highways includes the rehabilitation and maintenance projects involve major reconstruction work, including the construction of additional carriageways, substantial earthworks, extensive drainage provision and intersection remodeling

EnvironmentaL Assessment

For national highway improvement program NHA with the assistance of World Bank is carrying out the detail sectoral, social and Environmental assessment.
Following are the main objective of the sectoral Environmental social assessment study
It serves as an Environmental and social screening for the project covering the entire national highway network, classified each road corridor as either high medium or low levels of impact, provide sectoral plans for elimination, minimization and mitigation as well as monitoring the negative impacts that would occur generally as a result of the road rehabilitation and construction activities as well as due to future operation of the road corridors
Detailed sub-project level Environmental and social assessments/analysis of the project is useful as to
Ensure that design decisions for the proposed highway improvement options are Environmentally and socially sound and contribute to development Environmental assets
In cases of involuntary resettlement, satisfactory relocation and restoration of incomes and other resources be completed before civil works are undertaken on particular stretches of road
Undertake consultation and participation, including workshops among various stakeholders including local communities and potentially affected groups of people. This process is conducted jointly for social and Environmental assessments
Objectives of Social Assessment

The social assessment was carried out in order to develop appropriate mitigation plans. These guidelines are required
Identify stakeholders and impacts on indigenous people
Identify poor and vulnerable groups, and strategies to ensure that such groups benefit from the project
Ensure adequate stakeholder consultation and participation.
Stakeholder identification is carried out to ascertain which groups of people are affected by the project, and the extent of that impact, based on their proximity to the corridor.(typical shops along the project corridor)
Key Environmental Issues

The key Environmental issues associated with the proposed highway project are as Follows:

Resettling of squatters and vulnerable encroachers presently operating business within the proposed construction limit of the project corridor

Appropriately locating temporary construction camps, asphalt plants and waste disposal sites and the Environmental impact of operating these facilities
Borrowing of earth-fill and soil erosion
Impact of noise generated by vehicles, plants and equipment during construction and operation.
Minimizing the impacts on cultural sites or structures and community-owned assets during construction and operation.
Ensuring pedestrian and traffic safety during construction and operation
Relocation of squatters from within the proposed construction limit.
Basic Environment and social baseline parameters used for assessment in (NHIP)
Physical Environment
Ambient Air Quality
Noise Levels
Biological Environment
Socioeconomic Environment
Encroachments and Building Structures Within the Row
Environmental Impact Assessment and Mitigation Measures
Borrow Pit Management and Topsoil Conservation
Location and Management of Project Facilities
Enhancement and Maintenance of Avenue Plantation
Obstruction of Corridor Drainage System
Impact on Cultural and Community-Owned Assets.
Pedestrian and Traffic Safety
Environmental Management Plan & monitoring